Orchids of the genus Phalaenopsis, popularly known as moth orchids, are famed for their stunning blooms. They don’t bloom all the time, however, and after they’ve completed blooming, they go into a resting period.
Orchid novices often misinterpret this as the plant’s demise. And, since they are sluggish growers with a few quirks that set them apart from other typical houseplants, many individuals give up on their phalaenopsis plants out of irritation, believing that their orchid has finished flowering and that any further attention is wasted on a dull plant.
A healthy phalaenopsis orchid, on the other hand, may survive for years and bloom again and again if properly cared for. So, if your orchid looks to be dormant or you’re having trouble getting it to rebloom, don’t give up just yet!
This article might assist you by describing how to rebloom phalaenopsis orchids and walking you through some practical methods to help your orchid start its blooming phase. I’ll also go through some of the frequent issues people have when attempting to figure out how to get their orchids to produce more flowers, so you may enjoy another spectacular display of phalaenopsis blooms from your plant.
Phalaenopsis Orchids Bloom How Often?
The easiest technique to get phalaenopsis orchids to rebloom is to start preparing them for the next blooming cycle as soon as the previous one is over. Understanding the phalaenopsis orchid blooming cycle is the first step toward reblooming success.
Phalaenopsis orchids only bloom once a year in nature. New flower spikes grow in late autumn and extend during the winter, resulting in flowers that endure for months in late winter or early spring. And, after the flowers have faded, a few more blossoms may appear at the end of the spike.
The plant enters a resting stage after blooming, during which it slowly restores the nutrients it wasted in flower production. The plant grows new roots and leaves during this resting and vegetative development stage, which normally lasts 6-9 months until the shorter days and lower nighttime temps of autumn indicate that it’s time to send forth another burst of floral finery.
Steps To Encourage Your Orchid To Bloom Again
So now that you know what the phalaenopsis orchid blooming cycle looks like, the next steps you can take to encourage your plant to rebloom will include giving it the regular care it needs to grow healthy and strong, as well as a few actions you should perform at the appropriate times during the growing cycle to encourage your plant to produce those exquisite flowers that orchid lovers adore.
In order to urge your moth orchid to rebloom, there are three critical periods and precise activities you should perform throughout these times:
- After your orchid has completed flowering, fertilize it, cut the flower spike back a little, and provide it the best circumstances for vegetative development.
- Allow the plant to endure a nighttime temperature decrease of roughly 10 °F (5.5 °C) for 2-4 weeks after one or two leaves have developed.
- Return the plant to its natural growth environment and cease fertilizing when a fresh flower spike grows.
Let’s take a deeper look at each of these phases and the measures you should do to encourage your orchid to produce an abundance of phalaenopsis flowers.
Resting And Revitalizing Phase of Phalaenopsis
Phalaenopsis orchids go through a resting and rejuvenating phase after flowering. The length of time this takes for potted indoor phalaenopsis orchids varies widely, depending on plant health, growth circumstances, and whether or not it has been accustomed to an artificial timetable. However, this stage should continue 6 to 9 months in the ideal situation.
To stimulate reblooming, you should take the following precautions during this time:
Fertilize your phalaenopsis orchid once the blooming period has finished. Use a mild solution of water-soluble orchid fertilizer to fertilize your phalaenopsis. During the warmer months, fertilize every other week, and during the winter months, every 3-4 weeks, being sure to hydrate your orchid without fertilizing at least once between each feeding.
While it may be tempting to remove the naked, lifeless-looking flower spike, it is best for the plant’s health to leave it alone. It may not seem to be much, but it acts as a nutrition storage for your plant to draw from as it prepares to blossom once again. To stimulate new growth, just clip away any areas that aren’t green, trimming it back to just above the third or fourth notch, or node.
Owners of Phalaenopsis orchids often position their plant in a prominent area in their home or workplace when it is blooming to appreciate the magnificent show, but then move it to a new location during the vegetative period to give ideal circumstances. You won’t be troubled by the unattractive flower spike this way.
Provide the best conditions for vegetative development by placing your orchid in a position that gets lots of strong indirect sunlight or full-spectrum florescent light. Orchids need warm temperatures during the day and somewhat lower temperatures at night, so windows with plenty of indirect sunlight are ideal.
During this time, your orchid will benefit from increased humidity. Consider using a humidifier or putting the plant on a tray with water and pebbles.
Repotting of Phalaenopsis. Note that the optimal time to repot your orchid is after it has done flowering and new air roots have started to sprout, either because the growth mixture needs replenishing to maintain adequate drainage and aeration or because your plant has outgrown its container.
How to Rebloom Your Phalaenopsis Orchid
After your orchid has produced a few new leaves, provide it with a temperature dip of around 10 °F (5.5 °C) at night to encourage it to bloom again. If your plant is on a windowsill and it’s fall, the seasonal temperature shift may be enough to alert it. Alternatively, you may create a similar temperature difference in your house by simply turning down the thermostat at night. If you have outside daily temperatures in the range of 70-85 °F (21-29 °C) and the required nightly temperature drop, another option is to place your plant outdoors.
This temperature disparity is required for Phalaenopsis for roughly 2-4 weeks. Keep an eye out for a fresh flower spike a few leaves down from the plant’s newest leaves. Your plant may even develop two flower spikes at the same time as it becomes bigger and stronger over time, one on either side of the center plant stem!
Place your phalaenopsis orchid in its old spot and cease fertilizing it until you see a new bloom spike appear. The spike will continue to develop and generate buds. Before putting your plant in its display place, wait until all of the buds have flowered into flowers, since moving the plant might cause the unopened buds to fall off.
Now all you have to do is water as required and watch the show, knowing that all your hard work has paid off!
Troubleshooting – How To Make Phalaenopsis Orchids Rebloom
In this part, we’ll look at the many causes for a phalaenopsis orchid’s inability to rebloom and provide advice for how to fix the problem. If the plant is suffering because its fundamental requirements aren’t being addressed, it won’t have the energy to blossom. As a result, many of these troubleshooting problems have to do with orchid maintenance.
Lighting for Phalaenopsis Orchids
The lack of light is the most common cause for phalaenopsis orchids’ failure to bloom. You can determine whether you’re giving your plant adequate light by the color of its leaves. Bright green leaves suggest a healthy moth orchid, whereas dark green foliage indicate that it need more light. Orchids of the genus Phalaenopsis thrive under bright, filtered, or indirect sunshine. If you don’t have enough natural light, you may want to try a full-spectrum grow light for your plant.
On the other hand, too much light might prevent orchids from flowering. Leaves that are lighter green, yellowing, or red-tinted are symptoms of too much sunshine. If this is the case, consider moving the plant away from a window that receives direct sunlight, using a sheer curtain to block direct sunlight, or shifting the plant to a different window.
Taking Care of Your Phalaenopsis Orchid
Watering your orchid too much or too little might prevent it from reblooming, with over-watering being much more prevalent than extreme dryness.
Always inspect the potting mixture to see whether it’s time to water your plant.
Allow it to get mainly dry between waterings, but not fully dry. If the potting material isn’t allowed to dry completely, root rot and disease may develop, weakening the plant and finally killing it. A phalaenopsis that is excessively dry, on the other hand, will strive to conserve its leaves before investing any energy in developing blossoms.
Brown spots, as well as limp, wilted, leathery, or wrinkled leaves, are signs of too much or too little water. The roots of the plant will also inform you whether you are watering it properly. When they’re actively developing, they should always be plump and firm, with green or magenta tips.
Taking Care of Your Phalaenopsis Orchid
Despite the fact that phalaenopsis orchids are light feeders, they will not rebloom if they are not fed. When your plant isn’t blooming, feed it to encourage the development of strong roots and leaves, which will help the plant survive when it is producing blossoms.
Problems with Potting Mixtures
A constantly damp potting mixture might be the result of overwatering, or it could be the result of the potting material breaking down over time and becoming so compacted that it no longer drains efficiently. It will deprive your plant roots of oxygen and
nutrition, as well as harboring rot and disease, if it has began to disintegrate. You might also wind up with a harmful accumulation of mineral salts if you don’t drain the potting material out between fertilization.
If you see that the potting mixture has degenerated to the point that the roots are being damaged, you should repot your orchid in new growth material as soon as possible to preserve the plant. After repotting, your phalaenopsis orchid will require at least six months to recover the vigor to blossom.
Humidity And Airflow In Phalaenopsis Orchids
It’s possible that an imbalance of humidity and airflow is preventing your phalaenopsis from blooming again.
During the vegetative development phase, phalaenopsis orchids thrive in higher humidity settings, as previously stated. They flourish in surroundings with 50-100 percent humidity in nature, but they can adapt to levels of 50-60 percent in the house, which is still rather high. As a result, ensuring that your plant receives enough local humidity may be the key to putting on the flowers.
Humidity, on the other hand, might harm your plant if it isn’t accompanied by enough ventilation. Fresh, moist air circulates freely around the plants in such high-humidity natural settings. As a result, make sure your orchid gets enough of fresh air through a window or a modest circulation fan.
Temperature And Phalaenopsis Orchids
Phalaenopsis orchids thrive in temperatures ranging from 63 to 84 degrees Fahrenheit (17 to 29 degrees Celsius). Make sure your orchid isn’t being affected by adjacent air conditioning or heating vents or exterior doors, since these orchids are extremely susceptible to drafts and other sudden temperature fluctuations.
The only temperature variation that phalaenopsis orchids like is slightly colder nighttime temps – and don’t forget about the crucial daytime/nighttime temperature difference of 10 F (5.5 °C) required to start blooming.
Other Things That Cause Phalaenopsis Orchids To Bloom
When it comes to getting your orchid to bloom, having the right temperature difference may not be enough in certain cases.
To replicate the shortening of the days in fall, limit the hours of light and provide cooler evening temperatures if you’re utilizing artificial lighting.
It also won’t work if you attempt to force flowering during the incorrect section of the plant’s development cycle. At least one or two new leaves must have formed on Phalaenopsis orchids, which give nutrients for flower formation.
If you’d want a more visual introduction to reblooming phalaenopsis orchids, here’s an amazing video from Shirley Bovshow, which I believe does a fantastic job of explaining the fundamentals of reblooming phalaenopsis orchids.